Declared Runner-Up Challenges Congo Election Results

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The man declared the runner-up in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s presidential elections, Martin Fayulu, said on Saturday that he had filed a court challenge demanding a manual recount of the results.

Mr. Fayulu has accused the declared winner, the opposition leader Felix Tshisekedi, and President Joseph Kabila — whose party was adjudged to have won legislative and provincial elections held the same day — of making a back-room deal to divide power between them.

“You can’t manufacture results behind closed doors,” he said, telling reporters that the material for his court challenge included election results forms posted outside polling stations.

Congo’s constitutional court now has seven days to consider the case.

Before Mr. Fayulu filed his challenge, members of Congo’s Republican Guard had been deployed outside his home and outside the court where he was expected to show up.

Congo’s electoral commission has said that Mr. Fayulu received 34 percent of the vote and Mr. Tshisekedi 38 percent in the Dec. 30 presidential elections, and that Mr. Kabila’s party won a large majority in the national assembly.

Mr. Fayulu, a businessman and anti-corruption campaigner, has demanded a manual recount of the vote in all three of Congo’s Dec. 30 elections: presidential, legislative and provincial.

His coalition asserts that he won 61 percent of the presidential vote, with 18 percent for Mr. Tshisekedi, figures it attributes to the Catholic Church’s 40,000 election observers across the country. The church has said its findings show a different winner than the one officially declared.

The commission’s president has said there are two options: Either the official results are accepted or the election is annulled.

The electoral commission says the date for the presidential inauguration is Jan. 22.

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